What is coastal marine tourism?

• Orams(1999) defines marine tourism as including ‘those. recreational activities that involve travel away from one’s place. of residence and which have as their host or focus the marine. environment (where the marine environment is defined as those. waters which are saline and tide-affected)’

What were the factors responsible for the early development of tourism?

Socio-economic factors like income, mobility, age, education and cost are crucial in the evolution of demand. Together with leisure, these are responsible for determining the growth of international tourism.

Why do coastal areas encourage tourism?

Coastal areas are often cooler than places inland. So, on hot days people go to the beach to cool off and swim in the sea. Many people enjoy relaxing on a beach. Coastal areas are appealing to many tourists, because of the landscape of cliffs and beaches.

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How does tourism contribute to coastal erosion?

Land-based activities such as port development and the dredging that inevitably accompanies it in order to receive cruise ships with sometimes more than 3000 passengers can significantly degrade coral reefs through the build-up of sediment. Furthermore, sand mining at the beaches leads to coastal erosion.

How does tourism affect marine life?

Marine animals such as whale sharks, seals, dugongs, dolphins, whales, and birds are also disturbed by increased numbers of boats, and by people approaching too closely. Tourism can also add to the consumption of seafood in an area, putting pressure on local fish populations and sometimes contributing to overfishing.

What is sustainable marine tourism?

It means ensuring that everyone abides by the same set of rules in protecting resources—from reefs to seagrass meadows to the creatures themselves. It means making sure hotels, businesses and residences do not contribute sewage and other pollution into the marine protected areas—or the waterways that feed into them.

What are the main factors affecting tourism?

Global forces may be defined as those factors which impact on the tourism industry worldwide. Global forces encompass political, social, technological, demographic, geographical, climatic and environmental type factors. Some factors are more fluctuating than others.

What are the factors affecting tourism?

Among these factors culture, peace, security, developed infrastructure of the world, visa facilities, natural beautification, attitude of the people, tourist number, Quarantine, World population, Education, Income level, Price level of different commodities in the world, different languages and fare of hotel etc are

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What are the impacts of tourism?

Positive and negative impacts of tourism

Positive Negative
New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals, eg new roads Overcrowding and traffic jams
Greater demand for local food and crafts Prices increase in local shops as tourists are often more wealthy than the local population

How does tourism affect the coastal environment?

Intensive use of space and resources which may lead to poor water and environmental quality related to pollution, noise or species’ disturbance; Building new marinas, piers or berths and impact on marine and coastal habitats; Impact on fish stocks.

What are the advantages of coastal development?

Coastal areas help prevent erosion; filter pollutants; and provide food, shelter, breeding areas, and nursery grounds for a wide variety of organisms.

Why defining coastal tourism management is difficult?

The management of coastal tourism is complex because the tourism industry is not a homogenous sector or segment of the economy. It is made up of various organisations that are directly or indirectly involved in tourism.

How can you manage the effects of coastal erosion?

Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal defense or to protect an anchorage from the effects of weather and long shore drift. Offshore breakwaters, also called bulkheads, reduce the intensity of wave action in inshore waters and thereby reduce coastal erosion.

How do you mitigate coastal erosion?

Mitigation Methods for Coastal Erosion

  1. Dune rehabilitation: Drift fencing and dune re-vegetation prevent the loss of wind-blown sand inland and help with dune stability.
  2. Green belts: series of trees in a number of rows to protect the coast from onslaught of waves.
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What are the main challenges facing coastal communities because of the popularity of sea changes?

These include climate change, population growth in coastal areas, the loss of coastal biodiversity and marine pollution.

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